coolant

The questions pertaining to your car’s coolant system are countless. Many ask the question regarding its importance, and maintenance. Below, the article dives into an overview of the car’s cooling system, and sheds light on the importance of coolant flushing and maintenance.

Your Car’s Cooling System

The modern cooling system of your car has not changed much from the cooling systems in older vehicles. The basic cooling system consists of the same components that include a liquid coolant circulating through the engine and into the radiator.

About 70 percent of the energy that generates from fuel combustion converts to heat. Most people believe that the cooling systems job is to prevent the engine from overheating. Despite that claim being true, the cooling system is responsible for much more than that. It also works to maintain sufficient heat so that your engine can function in optimum capacity.

Therefore, the coolant’s job is more of a balancing act since it does not completely dissipate the heat, but maintains heat levels to the ideal temperature. Excessively cooling an engine is also detrimental to the engine as it can impact the efficiency. Causing it to wear out much faster than normal.

Cooling system also allows the engine to heat up quickly and then maintains a constant operating temperature of the engine. There are two types of cooling systems that you can find inside an engine. The first is the liquid cooled engine, while the other is the air cooled engine. However, most cars with internal combustions use the liquid cooled systems.

Liquid Cooled System

In this cooling system, a fluid circulates through pipes and passageways inside the engine. As the liquid passes outside the conductive walls of the hot engine, it absorbs some of the heat that emits from the engine, thereby cooling it. After the liquid flows away from the engine, it enters into a heat exchanger or radiator that further transfers the heat from coolant to the fans that blow hot air out the engine.

Check Your Coolant

For your car’s cooling system to function optimally, you have to make sure that the car’s coolant level is at the appropriate level. In addition to checking the coolant level, it is also important that you check the color, smell and consistency of the fluid.

If it turns dirty, becomes dark in color, and gives off a burnt smell, this means that the coolant is become old and corrosive. In this instance, you have to flush and replace the coolant so that it is translucent and has a bright yellow or green color.

Another warning sign that indicates to a coolant replacement is excessive overheating of your car. If your car tends to overheat more than it should, this means that the coolant is not doing its job.

The coolant, along with all other fluids is subject to degradation over a certain time. You have to therefore, make sure that your car has high quality coolant before winters, as heat maintenance will be key at extremely low temperatures.